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Forces and Simple and Complex Machines
Readability Levels: = easiest, = at approximate grade level, = advanced, = most difficult
2014-2015
 
Table of Contents
  1. Introductions and What are Forces?   4. Building Simple Machines
       Introductions, Careers,   Forces,  Force and Motion        Building from the LEGO Kits,  Powered Machines and Robots
  2. What are Simple Machines?   5. Fun
       All About Simple Machines,  Simple Machines Fun        With Simple Machines,  Engineering Fun
  3. Examples of Simple Machine   6. More Resources
       Simple Machines You Use,  More Simple Machines       Videos and Images,  Doing Research,   Translate,  Misc.
       

1. From Science and Engineering to Careers
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top   Introduction to the Scientific and Engineering Processes and to Careers
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1. Introduction to Science - 2 minutes - and #2 - 13 minutes
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2. Introduction to Engineering - from NASA
   
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3. The Science Flowchart #1 and #2 Complex Flowchart - pdf - University of California - Berkeley
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4. The Scientific Method
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5. Steps in the Scientific Method - from sciencebuddies.org
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6. The Science Checklist - pdf - University of California - Berkeley
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7. Evaluating Science Reports - pdf - University of California - Berkeley
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8. How Science Really Works - video - California Academy of Science
   
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9. The Engineering Process (from NASA)
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10. The Engineering Design Process (from Boston Museum of Science)
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11. The Engineering Design Process - from sciencebuddies.org
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12. Design, Invent: Make a Difference - STEM ideas from PBS
 
   
Careers
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1. Careers in Science - sciencebuddies.org
 
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2. Careers in Engineering - sciencebuddies.org
 
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3. Careers in Math and Computer Sciences - sciencebuddies.org
 
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4. Explore Careers Videos - from Career Aisle
     
 
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5. Discover Trades BC - Government of B.C.
 
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6. Skills Canada BC - from Skills Canada
     
   
top   Forces
forces and motion
The forces around us affect everything in the Universe. There are a number of forces. A push or a pull is a kind of force. Some other forces include electrical, gravitational and magnet.
   
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1. Forces - overview activity - from BBC Schools
   
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2. Motion and forces - from Fun Kids
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3. What are forces? - from BBC Schools
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4. Different forces in Science - from eHow.com
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5. Ten different kinds of forces - from eHow.com
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6. Frictional forces - from BBC Schools
     
   
top   Forces and Motion
Motion   Scientists use the term force to describe a push or a pull. You can use a bit of force to open or close a door. When you pull on the door handle you are using force. When you close the door you are using force.
   
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1. Forces and Motion Glossary - from Idaho Public Television
   
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2. Force and motion facts - from Idaho Public Television
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3. Force explained - from Physics for Kids
 
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4. Motion explained - from Physics for Kids
 
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5. Forces in action - fun activity - from BBC Schools
     
 
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6. Best Idea Ever - fun video - 2 minutes - from YouTube
 
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7. Three Laws of Motion - 3.5 minutes - from YouTube
 
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8. Force and motion - 6.5 minutes - ISM Magic - from YouTube
 
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9. Forms of energy - from BrainPop
 
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10. Force, energy, work, power - 2.5 minutes - from Steorn on YouTube
 
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11. Force, energy, work, power - 9 minutes - from NASA on YouTube
     
   
2. What are Simple Machines?
top   All About Simple Machines
cart wheel   There are six kinds of Simple Machines: inclined plane, lever, wedge, pulley, wheel and axle, and the screw. Check out these sites to learn more about Simple Machines and see examples of them in your daily life.
   
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1. Introducing Simple Machines - from Kentucky Educational Television
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2. Simple Machines - Glossary
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3. Simple Machines Overview - EngQuest, Australia
   
At grade level
4. Animations and explanations- from cosi
 
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5. Inventor's Toolbox - Boston Museum of Science
 
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6. Simple Machines - from the Franklin Institute
     
 
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7. Simple and Compound Machines (see pages 3-4) - from motionsystemdesign.com
 
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8. Simple Machines: PowerPoint - from Jefferson Lab
     
 
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9. Simple and Compound Machines: PowerPoint - from marshalteched.com
 
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10. Simple and Complex Machines - 7 video playlist - from Dr. Skateboard
     
   
top   Simple Machines - Fun
Kayaks    
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1. Simple Machine games - Harcourt School Publishing

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2. Simple and Complex Machines - from Aspire
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3. Simple Machine Games - Chicago Museum of Science and Industry

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4. Edheads Simple Machines - in your home and the tool shed - from edheads.com

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5. Lever an obelisk - from Nova (PBS-TV)
 
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6. Simple Machines Game - University of Alabama
     
 
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7. Rube Goldberg Burglar Catcher - from fossweb.com
 
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8. Tom's Trap-o-Matic - from infinitecat.com
 
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9. Goldberg to go - from PBS TV
     
 
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10. Organically shaped gears - 4 minute video by Clayton Boyer
 
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11. Really weird gears - 4 minute video by Clayton Boyer
 
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12. Woodworking gears by Clayton Boyer
     
   
3. Examples of Simple and Complex Machines
top   Here are some examples of simple machines you can see every day.
Windmill    
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1. Wedge and lever - from the University of Utah
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2. Ramp and pulley - from the University of Utah
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3. The screw and wheel and axle - from the University of Utah
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4. Simple and complex machines - from the University of Utah
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5. How gears work and Examples of pulleys and gearing
 
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6. Inventors Toolbox - Boston Science Museum
     
 
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7. Simple and Complex Machines - from Slideshare
 
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8. From Simple to Complex Machines - eBook - by Ned Jensen from Science A-Z
 
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9. Going from Simple to Complex Machines: a webquest - by Maria Comfort
     
   
top   Video Examples
Brake lever    
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1. Six simple machines explained - 3 min video - from teachersdomain.org
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2. Six simple machine animations - 2 min - from MIT
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3. Action Science - Simple Machines - 1.5 min - from gamequarium.org
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4. Simple Machines - the video - 19 min - from Mr. Gould's class on Vimeo
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5. Pouring milk - the not so simple way - 3.5 min - from teachersdomain.org
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6. Simple to Complex Machines - 17 min - youtube
     
   
4. Building Simple Machines
top   What You Will Build
Fishing reel
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1. LEGO Kit 9686: Part 1 and Part 2 (Simple and Powered Machines) and building instructions
More videos to come or send us yours
 
 
5. Wind machine
 
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6. Fishing rod - on the Space Station - from LEGO and NASA
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7. Land Yacht - on the Space Station - from LEGO and NASA
 
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8. Windmill - on the Space Station - from LEGO and NASA
    9. Exercise Your Imagination
   
top   More Builds
Hockey   Want to build some more! These links will let you really grow your building skills. Enjoy!!
   
  1. Freewheeler video, overview, and build instructions
  2. Scissor lift video, overview, and build instructions
  3. Powered tower crane, overview, and build instructions
  4. Tora no Maki by ISOGAWA Yoshihito (slow to download 80 meg pdf)
   
  5. Constructopedia 2.1 moving to NXT builds - from legoengineering.com
    6. More NXT Robotics building links - from SD#71 Robot site
     
   
5. Fun Activities
top   Simple Machine Games
Simple Machines   One of the best ways to learn is to play. Have fun with these links.
   
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1. Leonardo's Mystery Machines - Boston Museum of Science

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2. Engineering games - from tryengineering.org

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3. Frictional Game - BBC Schools

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4. Bill Nye has fun with some simple machines - 6 min. video from King TV: funny
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5. Mechanical Madness - pbskids.org
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6. Physics games - reviewgamezone.com
     
   
top   Other Games
Gears    
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1. LEGO Technic game - from LEGO
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2. LEGO Pullback Racer game - from LEGO
   
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3. NASA's build a physics machine
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4. Wall-e build games
     
     
     
6. More Resources
Back to Top
  Videos and Images
Ferris Wheel
   
1. Simple and Powered Machines - LEGO promotional video - 7.5 minutes - on YouTube
2. LEGO Education and STEM - 1.5 minutes - on YouTube
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3. Bill Nye simple machines- 22 minutes - on YouTube
4. Investigating forces - introducing forces - Zenex Foundation
5. Animated engines - by Matt Keveney
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6. Work and simple machines - 7 minutes - by Mrs. Deiter - on YouTube
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7. The six simple machines - 3 minutes - song - on YouTube
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8. Pulleys are Cool - 5 minute video from MIT
 
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8. How to Win a Bike Race Using Gears - 5 minute video from MIT
 
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9. Six Rube Goldberg machines - Jonah Kagan
     
   
Back to Top   Doing Research
Rusty pullys
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1. The Research Process - Oregon Public Libraries
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2. How to do research - from Kentucky Virtual Library
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3. Logical Reasoning: Deductive vs Inductive Reasoning
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4. Finding copyright friendly images - Creative Commons
 
Reporting Your Work
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1. Sentences
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2. Writing paragraphs
 
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3. Writing essays
     
    
   
Back to Top   Translate  Traduisez   Traduzca  翻译  ترجم
 
1. Bing Translator
 
2. Google Translate
     
   
Back to Top   Misc.
Watch   You may find these links have interesting connections to Simple and Complex Machines.
 
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1. Forces and Movement - from BBC Schools
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2. SD#71 Robotics page
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3. LEGO gear tutorial - sariel.pl
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4. Simple and complex machine worksheet - solpass.org
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5. Using Geometry to Design Simple Machines - 53 min - from MIT
 
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6. Green engineering - 12 min - frosm IEEE
     
 
 
Content created by Stewart Savard SD#71 October 2011. Updated September 2014. All rights to "look and feel" reserved.
CSS Styles by Josh Porter SD#71 (Comox Valley) July 2008. Images from Microsoft. Lever graphic courtesy Phillip Martin