Social Studies Home Page

The Middle Ages
Readability Levels: = easiest, = at approximate grade level, = advanced, = most difficult
 
Table of Contents
  1. Overview of the Middle Ages   7. The Arts
       Historical Background,   Maps and People,   Timeline,   Legacy        Tapestries,   Stained Glass,   Illuminated Manuscripts
  2. Life in the Middle Ages   8. Tragedies
       Daily Life,   Women and Family,    Education,    Food,
     Medicine,   Clothing,   Entertainment
       Vikings,   Little Ice Age,   The Black Death,   Hundred Years War
  3. The Economy and Trade   9. Videos, Images, PowerPoints and Podcasts
       Careers,   The Merchant Class,   The Farm Economy,   Trade Routes        Videos,   Images,   PowerPoints,   Podcasts
  4. Rulers and Government   10. WebQuests and Tasks
       Leaders,   Knights,   Feudalism,   The Law,   Crime & Punishment        WebQuests,   Tasks
  5. Technology   11. Fun and Museums
       Architecture,   Castles,   Churches,   The Printing Press
     Arms and Armour,   Misc.
       Fun,   Museums
  6. Religion   12. Miscellaneous Resources
       Christendom,   The Clergy,   Pilgrimages,   The Crusades,
     Luther and Reformation,
       Doing Research,   Translate,   Misc.,   Folktales and Stories

1. An Overview of the Middle Ages: C.E. 500 to 1400
Back to Top Historical Background to the Middle Ages
green circleblue square 1. Between ancient and modern (mrdowling.com)
green circleblue square 2. Dark Age (answers.com)
green circleblue square 3. Medieval history (historyforkids.org)
blue square 4. Middle Ages see countries on left of page (medieval-life.net)
blue squareblack diamond 5. The Middle Ages (University of California, USA)
black diamond 6. Medieval Summary PowerPoint Presentation (Susan M. Pojer, Horace Greeley HS, Chappaqua, New York, USA)
black diamondblack diamond 7. Middle Ages (wikipedia.org)
blue squareblack diamond 8. This day in Medieval history (historymedren.about.com)
   
   
 
Back to Top Changing Face of Europe
   
 
The Changing face of Europe in Maps
European Change: Century by Century: PowerPoint (Stewart Savard, SD#71 eLibrarian, Comox Valley, BC, Canada)
Europe in the year 500 (euratlas.com) Europe in the year 1000 (euratlas.com)
Europe in the year 600 (euratlas.com) Europe in the year 1100 (euratlas.com)
Europe in the year 700 (euratlas.com) Europe in the year 1200 (euratlas.com)
Europe in the year 800 (euratlas.com) Europe in the year 1300 (euratlas.com)
Europe in the year 900 (euratlas.com) Europe in the year 1400 (euratlas.com)
   
 
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.
Early Middle Age Peoples and Tribes
 
1. The Anglo-Saxons #1 (The BBC, U.K.) 6. The Huns #1 (mrdowling.com)
1. The Anglo-Saxons #2 (simple.wikipedia.org) 6. The Huns #2 (historyforkids.org)
1. The Anglo-Saxons #3 (The BBC, U.K.) 6. The Huns #3 (David Koeller at thenagain.info)
1. Anglo-Saxons (The BBC, U.K.) 6. The Huns: 44 minute video (video.google.ca)
1. Anglo-Saxon invasions of Britain: 2 minute video (howstuffworks.com)  
   
2. The Burgundians #1 (simple.wikipedia.org) 7. The Ostrogoths #1 (historyforkids.org)
2. The Burgundians #2 (David Koeller at thenagain.info) 7. The Ostrogoths #2 (David Koeller at thenagain.info)
2. Burgundy (Kali Harlansson) 7. The Ostrogoths #3 (historyworld.net)
   
3. The Celts #1: click on "Celts" at left for more facts (resourcesforhistory.com) 8. The Vandals #1 (historyforkids.org)
3. The Celts #2 8. The Vandals #2 (David Koeller at thenagain.info)
3. The Celts #3 (britainexpress.com) 8. The Vandals #3 (wikipedia.org)
3. The Celts part 1, and 2, and 3: 3 videos (video.google.ca) 8. The Vandals: 44 minute video (video.google.ca)
   
4. The Franks #1 (historyforkids.org) 9. The Vikings #1 (simple.wikipedia.org)
4. The rise of the Franks #2 (University of Kansas, USA) 9. The Vikings #2 (historyforkids.org)
4. The Franks #3 (David Koeller at thenagain.info) 9. The Vikings #3 (The BBC, U.K.)
4. The Franks: 45 minute video (video.google.ca) 9. The Vikings: 32 videos (watchknow.org)
   
5. Goths (howstuffworks.com) 10. The Visigoths #1 (historyforkids.org)
5. Where did the Goths come from? (about.com) 10. The Visigoths #2 (David Koeller at thenagain.info)
5. Invasion of the Goths (Princeton University, USA) 10. Visigoths #3 (wordiq.com)
5. The Goths part 1, and 2, and 3, and 4, and 5: videos (watchknow.org)  
   
   
 
Back to Top Timeline 
blue square 1. History of the World timeline (lukemartin.com)
green circleblue square 2. Timeline of the Dark Ages AD 500 - 800 (The BBC, U.K.)
blue square 3. Western Europe AD 500-1600 (thenagain.com)
blue squareblack diamond 4. Middle Ages timeline (middle-ages.org.uk)
blue squareblack diamond 5. Timeline - peoples and people (people.timelineindex.com, Netherlands)
blue squareblack diamond 6. Wales - the Dark Ages or Medieval Wales (The BBC, U.K.)
blue square 7. British History timeline (britannia.com, U.K.)
green circle 8. Technological timeline (New York University, USA)
blue squareblack diamond 9. Timeline of Art History 500 - 1000 A.D. and 1000 - 1400 A.D. (Metropolitan Museum of Art, USA)
blue square 10. Atlas of the Middle Ages (commons.wikimedia.org)
   
   
 
Back to Top Legacy
green circle 1. What is a legacy? (simple.wikipedia.org)
green circle 2. Medieval achievements (mrdonn.org)
blue square 3. Dark Ages (wikipedia.org)
black diamond 4. Middle Ages (History Channel, USA)
black diamond 5. The Early Middle Ages or High Middle Ages or Late Middle Ages (wikipedia.org)
black diamondblack diamond 6. "The Legacy of the Middle Ages": eBook (Edited by G.C. Crump and E.F. Jacob - archieve.org)
   
   
 
2. Daily Life in the Middle Ages
Back to Top Daily Life
blue square 1. Medieval life (historyonthenet.com)
blue square 2. Life in Medieval Europe (Minnesota State University, USA)
blue square 3. Life during the Middle Ages (medieval-life.net)
green circleblue square 4. Being a kid in the Dark Ages (earlybritishkingdoms.com)
green circleblue square 5. Feudal life (learner.org)
blue square 6. Life in medieval Europe: 24 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
blue square 7. The High Middle Ages: 24 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
   
green circleblue square 7. Peasants (Minnesota State University, USA)
blue square 8. Peasants and serfs (Boise State University, Idaho, USA)
green circleblue square 9. Building a peasant's house (Stockton State College)
green circleblue square 10 Viking and Saxon buildings (lore-and-saga.co.uk)
blue square

11. Peasants (westernreservepublicmedia.org)

blue squareblack diamond 12. Peasants (answers.com)
   
green circle 13. Village life #1 (thingquest.org)
green circleblue square 14. Country life (Department of Education, Catalonia, Spain)
blue square 15. Village life #2 (medieval-life.net)
blue square 16. The village (Boise State University, Idaho, USA)
blue square 17. Village roles (Boise State University, Idaho, USA)
blue square 18. A village forever - life in a German village (roadstoruins.com)
blue squareblack diamond 19. Village life (regia.com)
blue square 20. Stowa - an Anglo-Saxon village: 4 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
   
green circleblue square 21. Saxon walled towns (earlybritishkingdoms.com)
green circleblue square 22. Saxon trading towns (earlybritishkingdoms.com)
blue square 23. Medieval life in towns (Camelot Village, UK)
blue square 24. Town life (learner.org)
blue square 25. Towns (Boise State University, Idaho, USA)
blue square 26. Doomsday book map of English towns (britainexpress.com)
   
green circleblue square 27. Life in the city (Department of Education, Catalonia, Spain)
blue square 28. City life (medieval-life.net)
blue square 29. The urban poor (Boise State University, Idaho, USA)
blue squareblack diamond 30. Paris in the Middle Ages (philippe-auguste.com)
   
green circleblue square 31. Life at the castle (Department of Education, Catalonia, Spain)
blue squareblack diamond 32. Medieval castle life (castles.me.uk)
blue squareblack diamond 33. Life in a Medieval castle (castlewales.com)
blue squareblack diamond 34. Castle life (castles-of-britain.com)
green circleblue square 35. Castles for kids (castles.org)
blue square 36. Medieval times - castle life: 10.5 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
   
   
 
Back to Top The Role of Women
blue square 1. Medieval women interactive site (McMaster University, Ontario, Canada)
blue square 2. Women in the Middle Ages (Camelot Village, UK)
blue squareblack diamond 3. Medieval weddings (medieval-weddings.net)
blue squareblack diamond 4. The distaff side (thinkquest.org)
blue squareblack diamond 5. Medieval women (castles.me.uk)
blue square 6. Famous people of the middle ages (Government of the Yukon, Canada)
blue squareblack diamond 7. Biographies of notable women (about.com)
   
   
 
Back to Top Education
blue square 1. Medieval education #1 (medieval-life.net)
blue squareblack diamond 2. Medieval education #2 (historylearningsite.co.uk)
blue squareblack diamond 3. Medieval schools and universities (britainexpress.com)
blue squareblack diamond 4. The birth of the university (Virtual Library)
black diamond 5. The education of medieval women (California State Polytechnic University, USA)
black diamond 6. Medieval universities (California State Polytechnic University, USA)
   
   
 
Back to Top Food
green circleblue square 1. Medieval food (historyonthenet.com)
blue squareblack diamond 2. Middle Ages daily meals (middle-ages.org.uk)
black diamond 3. Food (British Library, UK)
blue squareblack diamond 4 Spices in the Middle Ages (middle-ages.org.uk)
blue squareblack diamond 5. Food and drink (godecookery.com)
blue squareblack diamond 6. Feasting and fasting (regia.com)
blue squareblack diamond 7. Inns and taverns (godecookery.com)
blue squareblack diamond 8. A boke of gode cookery - recipe book (godecookery.com)
blue square 9. A history of eating utensils (California Academy of Sciences, USA)
   
   
 
Back to Top Medicine
green circleblue square 1. Health and medicine in Medieval England (historylearningsite.co.uk)
green circleblue square 2. Hospitals - in the Dark and Middle Ages (knowitall.org)
blue square 3. Medicine in Medieval and Early Modern Europe (schoolhistory.org.uk)
blue squareblack diamond 4. Indian Medicine (eLibrary.sd71.bc.ca)
blue squareblack diamond 5. Islamic medicine (eLibrary.sd71.bc.ca)
blue squareblack diamond 6. Health (learner.org)
black diamond 7. Medieval medicine (intermaggie.com)
   
blue square 8. History of leprosy (Stanford University, California, USA)
blue square 9. Life with leprosy (Kenyon College, Ohio, USA)
blue square 10. Treatment of leprosy (Kenyon College, Ohio, USA)
blue squareblack diamond 11. Leper hospitals (buildinghistory.org)
   
   
 
Back to Top Clothing and Fashion
green circle 1. Medieval peasant clothing (Redcar & Cleveland Museum, UK)
blue square 2. Medieval clothing (medieval-life.net)
green circleblue square 3. Clothing (learner.org)
blue square 4. Medieval and Renaissance costume (marquise.de)
blue square 5. Clothing from the 10th to 14th Centuries (Southern Illinois University, USA)
blue square 5. Medieval costumes (collectorspost.com)
green circleblue square 6. Medieval hats (learner.org)
blue square 7. Footwear of the Middle Ages (University of Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA)
blue square 8. Making Medieval clothing (Cynthia Vitue)
blue squareblack diamond 9. Medieval embroidery (Timothy J. Mitchell)
   
   
 
Back to Top Culture and Entertainment
green circleblue square 1. Arts & entertainment (learner.org)
blue square 2. Holidays and celebrations (medieval-life.net)
blue square 3. Religious festivals (middle-ages.org.uk)
   
green circleblue square 4. Medieval games and recreation (medieval-life.net)
blue squareblack diamond 5. Sports and entertainment (regia.com)
green circleblue square 6. Medieval games (historyforkids.org)
blue square 7. Medieval dance links (rendance.org)
blue squareblack diamond 8. Medieval falconry (medieval-life.net)
   
green circleblue square 9. British and Saxon minstrels (earlybritishkingdoms.com)
blue square 10. Medieval music (medieval-life.net)
blue squareblack diamond 11. Medieval music links (collectorspost.com)
black diamond 12. Gregorian chant samples: scroll down page for free samples (last.fm)
black diamond 13. Medieval music samples (curtisclark.org)
blue squareblack diamond 14. A guide to Medieval instruments (Iowa State University, USA)
   
black diamond 15. Medieval drama links (collectorspost.com)
black diamond 16. Online medieval and classical library (omacl.org)
   
   
 
3. The Economy and Trade
Back to Top Careers
blue square 1. Medieval guilds (Iowa State University, USA)
blue square 2. Guilds (Boise State University, Idaho, USA)
black diamond 3. Guilds (newadvent.org)
blue squareblack diamond 4. Artisans (Boise State University, Idaho, USA)
blue square 5. Medieval occupations (hkcarns.tripod.com)
blue square 6. Medieval occupations (castles.me.uk)
blue squareblack diamond 7. Medieval jobs (castles-of-britain.com)
blue square

8. Tradesmen (PBS via westernreservepublicmedia.org)

blue square 9. Medieval women: click links on right for images and explanations (British Library, UK)
black diamondblack diamond 10. Women in Medieval Guilds (virtualworldlets.net)
blue squareblack diamond 11. Worst jobs in history (Channel4, UK)
   
   
 
Back to Top The Growth of a Merchant Class
green circleblue square 1. Merchants (Minnesota State University, USA)
green circleblue square 2. Saxon trading towns (earlybritishkingdoms.com)
blue square 3. The growth of a middle class and the end of the Middle Ages (learner.org)
blue squareblack diamond 4. Banking in the Middle Ages (University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada)
black diamond 5. Economic history (Skip Hall, Boise State University, Idaho, USA)
blue squareblack diamond 6. Anglo-Saxon coins (Cambridge University, U.K.)
blue squareblack diamond 7. Trade in the Middle Ages (Rachel Bellerby at suite101.com)
black diamondblack diamond 8. Trade and commerce links - meta site (Fordham University, New York, USA)
   
   
 
Back to Top The Farming Economy
blue square 1. Medieval farming: slow to load (historylearningsite.co.uk)
blue square 2. The farming year (historyonthenet.com)
blue square 3. UK countryside history 700 AD or 1100 AD or 1300 AD or 1400 AD: includes animation - full movie is slow to load (ukagriculture.com)
blue squareblack diamond 4. Farming in the Middle Ages (middle-ages.org.uk)
blue square 5. Medieval farm tools (spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk)
blue square 6. Farming (Minnesota State University, USA)
black diamond 7. The farm economy (hyw.com)
blue squareblack diamond 8. Fishing in Medieval times (regia.org)
   
   
 
Back to Top Trade and Commerce
blue square 1. Travel and trade (Minnesota State University, USA)
blue square 2. History of spice in the Middle Ages (spiceadvice.com)
blue square 3. Spices in the Middle Ages (The Spice Trader, New Zealand)
   
blue square 4. Medieval trade routes (Colorado College, USA)
blue square 5. Trade routes: Western Europe and Trade routes: Eastern Europe
blue square 6. Mediterranean and Black Sea trade routes (Brown University, RI, USA)
blue square 6. Map of the commerce of Christendom (University of Texas)
blue square 7. Trade routes across Asia (University of South Florida, USA)
blue square 8. Northern European trade routes (University of South Florida, USA)
blue square 9. Urban supply routes AD 1000 (University of Sheffield, UK)
   
   
 
4. Leaders and Government
Back to Top Clovis - King of the Franks
blue square 1. Clovis (infoplease.com)
blue square 2. Franks and Merovingians (historyforkids.org)
blue squareblack diamond 3. Rise of the Franks: scroll down to "#2. Clovis" and "#4. Bases of Frankish strength" (historyforkids.org)
blue square 4. Clovis I (wikipedia.org)
blue square 5. The European Middle Ages: PowerPoint (Mr. Albers, St. Peter's Prep, New Jersey, USA)
blue squareblack diamond 6. The "Story of Clovis": historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
   
   
Back to Top Charles Martel - King of the Franks
blue square 1. Charles Martel #1 (infoplease.com)
blue squareblack diamond 2. Battle of Tours in 732 (trivia-library-com)
blue squareblack diamond 3. Battle of Tours (thenagain.info)
black diamond 4. Charles Martel - 'The Hammer' (wikipedia.org)
blue squareblack diamond 5. Charles Martel #2 (Answers.com)
blue square 6. The story of Charles Martel and Pepin: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
blue square 7. Battle of Tours 732 AD: 8 minute video (youtube.com)
   
   
Back to Top Charlemagne - King of the Franks
blue square 1. Charlemagne #1 (historyforkids.org)
blue square 2. Charlemagne #2 (simple.wikipedia.org)
blue square 3. Charlemagne 742-814 (historyguide.org)
blue square 4. Charlemagne - King of the Franks (infoplease.com)
blue squareblack diamond 5. Charlemagne: Leader of the Franks (Friesland History)
blue squareblack diamond 6. Charlemagne #3 (wikipedia.org)
blue square 7. The story of Charlemagne: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
blue square 8. The story of Roland: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
blue square 9. Dark Ages : PowerPoint (Mr. J from slideshare.net)
blue square 9. The age of Charlemange: 24 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
   
   
Back to Top Alfred the Great - King of England
green circleblue square 1. Alfred the Great #1 (simple.wikipedia.org)
green circleblue square 2. Alfred the Great #2 (birkshirehistory.com)
green circleblue square 3. Alfred (The BBC, U.K.)
blue square 4. Alfred the Great 871-899 (englishmonarchs.co.uk)
blue square 5. Treasurers of a Saxon King (Museum of London, U.K.)
blue square 6. Anglo-Saxon gold hoard (The BBC, U.K.)
blue square 7. The story of Alfred the Great: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
blue square 8. Images - Alfred the Great (Nashford Publishing, UK)
   
   
Back to Top William the Conqueror - King of England
green circle 1. William I of England (simple.wikipedia.org)
blue square 2. William - Duke of Normandy (infoplease.com)
blue square 3. William 'the Conqueror' 1066-1087 (englishmonarchs.co.uk)
blue square 4. Invasion of England, 1066 (eyewitnesstohistory.com)
blue squareblack diamond 5. William, the Conqueror (btinternet.com)
blue squareblack diamond 6. Battle of Hastings video clip: requires Real Player (bbc.co.uk)
blue squareblack diamond 7. Battle of Hastings Interactive Game (bbc.co.uk)
blue squareblack diamond 8. Battle of Hastings: requires Google Earth - slow to load (bbc.co.uk)
blue square 9. The Doomsday book (National Archives, UK)
black diamond 10. William I of England (wikipedia.org)
blue square 11. The story of William the Conqueror: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
blue square 12. William the Conqueror - part 1, part 2, part 3, part 4, and part 5: videos (watchknow.org)
blue square 13. Battle of Hastings - part 1, part 2, part 3, part 4, and part 5: videos (watchknow.org)
   
   
Back to Top Richard the Lionhearted - King of England
blue square 1. Richard I #1 (royal.gov.uk)
blue square 2. Richard I #2 (westair-reproductions.com)
blue squareblack diamond 3. Richard I #3 (inforplease.com)
blue square 4. Richard I 'The Lionheart' 1189-1199 (englishmonarchs.co.uk)
blue squareblack diamond 5. Richard the Lionhearted massacres the Saracens, 1191 (eyewitnesstohistory.com)
black diamond 6. Richard I of England (wikipedia.org)
blue square 7. The story of Richard the Lion-Hearted: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
blue square 8. The crusade of Richard the Lionhearted: 1 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
   
   
Back to Top Frederick I - Holy Roman Emperor
blue square 1. Frederick I (inforplease.com)
blue square 2. Barbarossa (howstuffworks.com)
blue square 3. Frederick Barbarossa (authorama.com)
black diamond 4. Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor (wikipedia.org)
black diamond 5. Frederick I - German King (Answers.com)
blue square 6. The story of Frederick I - Barbarossa part 1 and Barbarossa part 2: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
   
   
Back to Top Robert the Bruce - King of the Scots
blue squareblack diamond 1. Robert I of Scotland (robertsewell.ca)
blue squareblack diamond 2. Robert I (infoplease.com)
blue squareblack diamond 3. Robert the Bruce, his heart and the story of the spider (aboutscotland.com)
blue squareblack diamond 4. Robert the Bruce 1306-1329 (The BBC, UK)
blue squareblack diamond 5. Robert the Bruce timeline (btinternet.com)
blue square 6. The story of Robert the Bruce: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
blue square 7. Braveheart's Scotland: 5 videos (watchknow.org)
   
   
Back to Top Henry V - King of England
green circleblue square 1. Henry V of England (simple.wikipedia.org)
blue square 2. Henry V (inforplease.com)
blue square 3. Henry V - 1413-1422 (englishmonarchs.co.uk)
blue square 4. The Battle of Agincourt (eyewitnesstohistory.com)
black diamond 5. King Henry V of England (wikipedia.org)
blue square 6. King Henry V: select Henry V clip on right of screen (Turner Classic Movies) sample 2
blue square 7. The story of Henry V: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
blue square 8. Images - Henry V (Nashford Publishing, UK)
blue square 9. Battle of Agincourt: 5 videos (watchknow.org)
   
   
Back to Top Joan of Arc - from France
green circle 1. Animated hero classics - Joan of Arc: 28 minute video (unitedstreaming.com)
green circleblue square 2. Joan of Arc #1 (simple.wikipedia.org)
blue square 3. Joan of Arc #2 (infoplease.com)
black diamond 4. Jeanne d' Arc (wikipedia.org)
blue square 5. Joan d' Arc biography (historyguide.org)
blue square 6. Joan d' Arc: 9 minute video (metacafe.com)
blue square 6. Joan d' Arc 1999 video clip #1: and clip #2 fictional movie
blue square 7. The story of Joan d' Arc: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
   
   
Back to Top Prominent Women
blue square 1. Eleanor of Aquitaine #1 (womeninworldhistory.com)
black diamond 2. Eleanor of Aquitaine #2 (wikipedia.org)
blue square 3. Middle Ages Women (middle-ages.org.uk)
blue square 4. Women in the Middle Ages
blue squareblack diamond 5. Notable women around the year 1000 (womeninworldhistory.com)
blue square 6. Medieval women: interactive exploration (McMaster University, Ontario, Canada)
   
   
 
Back to Top Knights
green circleblue square 1. Knights (Minnesota State University, USA)
black diamond 2. A knight's daily life (Skip Knox, Boise State University, Idaho, USA)
blue squareblack diamond 3. The knightly ethic (Skip Knox, Boise State University, Idaho, USA)
blue squareblack diamond 4. The knightly "Code of Chivalry" (middle-ages.org.uk)
black diamond 5. Women Knights (heraldica.org)
blue squareblack diamond 6. The upper nobility and The lesser nobility (Skip Knox, Boise State University, Idaho, USA)
green circleblue square 7. Knights Quest: webquest (medieval-life.net)
green circleblue square 8. The tournament (medieval-life.net)
blue squareblack diamond 9. Tournaments (Skip Knox, Boise State University, Idaho, USA)
blue square 10. The "Time of the Knights" (State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia)
blue square 11. Medieval times - the knights: 5 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
   
   
 
Back to Top Feudalism
green circleblue square 1. Feudalism #1 (mrdowling.com)
blue square 2. Feudalism #2 (simplewikipedia.org)
blue square 3. Feudal relationships chart (Grossmont Union High School District, CA)
blue square 4. Medieval feudal system (castles.me.uk)
blue square 5. Feudal society (camelotintl)
blue squareblack diamond 6. Oaths of homage and fealty
blue squareblack diamond 7. Feudalism and Medieval life (britainexpress.com)
blue square 8. The rise of feudalism: 5 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
   
blue square

9. Peasants (westernreservepublicmedia.org)

blue square 10. Medieval times - the serfs: 5 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
   
blue square 11. Forming town governments (learner.org)
blue square 12. Decline of feudalism (middle-ages.org.uk)
black diamond 13. The rise of towns and the decline of feudalism (fsmitha.com)
   
   
 
Back to Top The Law
green circleblue square 1. The legal system (historyonthenet.com)
black diamond 2. Anglo-Saxon law (Yale University, Connecticut, USA)
black diamond 3. Law in the late Middle Ages (Skip Hall, Boise State University, Idaho, USA)
black diamond 4. Stautes of William the Conqueror (Yale University, Connecticut, USA)
black diamond 5. Thomas Aquinas on Law (Fordham University, USA)
blue square 6. Canon law (kidsnet.au)
blue squareblack diamond 7. Categories of documents (Dianne Tillotson)
   
blue square 8. Primogeniture (mrdowling.com)
   
blue square 9. King John and the Magna Carta (bbc.co.uk)
blue square 10. The Magna Carta (bbc.co.uk)
black diamond 11. The Magna Carta (britannia.com)
black diamond 12. Britannia - history - documents (britannia.com)
black diamond 13. The Magna Carta (University of Evansville, IL, USA)
blue square 14. High Middle Ages - the Magna Carta: 3 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
   
black diamond 15. Franco/German law - Salic Law (Yale University, Connecticut, USA)
black diamond 16. German law - Barbarossa's "Peace of the Land" (Yale University, Connecticut, USA)
   
   
 
Back to Top Crime and Punishment
blue square 1. Crime and punishment in the Middle Ages (Camelot Village, UK)
blue square 2. Crime and punishment (Powys Digital History Project, UK)
green circleblue square 3. Some forms of punishment (University of Aberdeen, UK)
blue square 4. Crime and punishment (National Archives, United Kingdom)
   
green circleblue square 5. Hung, drawn and quartered (berkshirehistory.com)
blue squareblack diamond 6. Middle Ages torture (middle-ages.org.uk)
blue squareblack diamond 7. "Curious Punishments of Bygone Days" (getchwood.com)
blue squareblack diamond 8. Stocks and Pillories
   
   
 
5. Technology
Back to Top Architecture
green circleblue square 1. Medieval architecture (historyforkid.coms)
blue square 2. Romanesque architecture click on "Pictures" at bottom and then #s on left-hand side for more pictures (historylink101.com)
blue square 3. Gothic architecture: click on "Pictures" at bottom and then #s on left-hand side for more pictures (historylink101.com)
blue square 4. Gothic geometry (newyorkcarver.com)
blue square 5. Medieval Art and Architecture (University of Pittsburgh, USA)
blue square 6. Build an Arch: animation (bbc.co.uk)
blue squareblack diamond 7. A-Z examples of British medieval buildings (timeref.com)
   
   
 
Back to Top Castles
green circle 1. Welcome to Kids' Castle (kidsonthenet.org.uk)
green circleblue square 2. Type of castles (historyonthenet.com)
blue square 3. Medieval Castle (castlewales.com)
green circleblue square 4. Attacking a castle (castlewales.com)
blue square 5. How castles work (howstuffworks.com)
green circleblue square 6. Siege warfare (pbs.org)
blue square 7. Medieval times - castle life: 10.5 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
   
blue square 8. Virtual 3d castle reconstructions: requires vrml (timeref.com)
blue square 9. Castles of Europe (medieval-castles.net)
blue square 10. Castle tours (newyorkcarver.com)
blue squareblack diamond 11. Bunratty Castle in Ireland (shannonheritage.com)
blue squareblack diamond 12. Castles in the Netherlands (castles.nl)
blue squareblack diamond 13. Welsh castles (The BBC, U.K.)
   
   
 
Back to Top Churches
blue squareblack diamond 1. The Medieval cathedral (timeref.com)
blue square 2. Cathedral tours (newyorkcarver.com)
blue squareblack diamond 3. English castles, abbeys, and medieval buildings (castles-abbys.co.uk)
blue square 4. Church Gallery (bbc.co.uk)
blue squareblack diamond 5. Norman buildings (archnet.org)
   
blue square 6. Paint the cathedral: animation (bbc.co.uk)
blue squareblack diamond 7. Notre Dame Cathedral France: virtual tour (fromparis.com)
blue square 8. London Bridge Virtual Tour (bbc.co.uk)
green circle 9. The Tower of London KIDS Tour: requires a first name - type Henry or Elanor (toweroflondon.com)
blue square 10. Tower of London: a haunted mansion? (National Geographic Society, USA)
   
   
 
Back to Top The Printing Press
blue square 1. Johann Gutenberg: the printing press (mrdowling.com)
blue square 2. Johannes Gutenberg (simplewikipedia.org)
blue square 3. Printing and thinking (learner.org)
blue squareblack diamond 4. Impact of the printing press (University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada)
blue square 5. Moveable type printing press: 1 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
   
   
 
Back to Top Arms and Armour
black diamond 1. Arms and armour #1 (Metropolitan Museum, New York)
blue squareblack diamond 2. Arms & armour #2: scroll to bottom for more info (regia.com)
blue square 3. How swords work (howstuffworks.com)
blue square 4. Mediaeval sword virtual museum (Mediaeval Sword Virtual Museum)
blue square 5. Resource page (myarmoury.com)
   
blue square 6. Trebuchet
blue square 7. Non-gunpowder artillery (Societe de l'Oriflamme, France)
blue square

8. The medieval siege (NOVA PBC.org, USA)

   
   
 
Back to Top Miscellaneous Inventions
blue squareblack diamond 1. Medieval technology page (New York University, USA)
blue squareblack diamond 2. Medieval technologies (wikipedia.org)
blue squareblack diamond 3. History of inventions and technology (historyworld.net)
black diamond 4. Medieval inventions (neo-tech.com)
black diamond 5. Medieval technology (Paul J. Gans, New York University, NY, USA)
   
blue square 6. Glasses (Indiana University)
blue square 7. Eyeglasses (newyorkcarver.com)
blue square 8. The invention of eyeglasses (arshermeneutica.org)
   
blue square 9. Mechanical clocks (icons.org.uk)
blue square 10. The clock (newyorkcarver.com)
   
   
 
6. Religion
Back to Top Christendom
green circleblue square 1. Christendom (mrdowling.com)
blue square 2. Medieval religion (historyforkids.org)
blue square 3. The Catholic Church (learner.org)
blue squareblack diamond 4. Middle Ages religion (middle-ages.org.uk)
blue squareblack diamond 5. The Western Christian Church (United Methodist Church)
blue square 6. Religious and village life: 12.5 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
   
blue square 7. Inquisition - general information
black diamond 8. The Inquisition (Rice University)
   
   
 
Back to Top The Clergy
blue squareblack diamond 1. Clergy (Boise State University, Idaho, USA)
green circleblue square 2. Monks and nuns (earlybritishkingdoms.com)
green circleblue square 3. Nuns (Minnesota State University, USA)
blue squareblack diamond 4. Priests (Boise State University, Idaho, USA)
blue squareblack diamond 5. Monks (Boise State University, Idaho, USA)
green circleblue square 6. Hermits (earlybritishkingdoms.com)
green circleblue square 7. Monasteries (earlybritishkingdoms.com)
blue square 8. Medieval times - the clergy: 7 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
   
   
 
Back to Top Pilgrimages
green circleblue square 1. Relics and pilgrimage in Saxon times (earlybritishkingdoms.com)
green circleblue square 2. Relics and pilgrimage in the Middle Ages (birkshirehistory.com)
blue square 3. A virtual pilgrimage (Boise State University, Idaho, USA)
blue squareblack diamond 4. Pilgrims passing to and fro (godecookery.com)
black diamond 5. The Canterbury Tales (librarius.com)
   
black diamond 6. Geoffrey Chaucer - timeline (britainunlimited.com)
blue squareblack diamond 7. Geoffrey Chaucer (bartleby.com)
black diamond 8. The world of Chaucer (University of Glasgow, Scotland)
black diamond 9. Anthology of Middle English Literature (luminarium.org)
   
   
 
Back to Top The Crusades
blue square 1. The First Crusade (historyforkids.org)
blue squareblack diamond 2. Medieval Crusades (medievalcrusades.com)
black diamond 3. Overview of the Crusades (Boise State University)
blue squareblack diamond 4. Maps (Boise State University)
blue squareblack diamond 5. Images (Boise State University)
blue squareblack diamond 6. Women and the Crusades (womeninworldhistory.com)
blue squareblack diamond 7. The Christian Crusades (United Methodist Church)
blue squareblack diamond 8. Richard The Lionheart Massacres The Saracens, 1191 (eyewitnesstohistory.com)
blue square 9. The Medieval era - Crusades to the Middle East : 7 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
blue square 10. Civilizations in conflict - the Crusades: 5 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
blue square 10. Crusader buildings (archnet.org)
   
   
 
Back to Top Martin Luther and the Reformation
blue square 1. Martin Luther - the times (luther.de)
blue square 2. Martin Luther - 1483 to 1546
blue squareblack diamond 3. Martin Luther (University of Victoria, Canada)
black diamond 4. Protestant Reformation (wikipedia.org)
   
   
 
7. The Arts
Back to Top Tapestries
blue square 1. Tapestries (learner.org)
blue square 2. Tapestry - a brief history (Victoria and Albert Museum, UK)
green circleblue square 3. The Bayeux Tapestry (Reading Museum, UK)
blue squareblack diamond 4. BBC - History - The Bayeux Tapestry Unpicking the Past
black diamond 5. European tapestries (Metropolitan Museum, New York)
   
black diamond 6. Historic tale construction kit: game (adgame-wonderland.de)
   
   
 
Back to Top Stained Glass
blue square 1. Stained glass windows (mrdonn.org)
blue square 2. History trails - stained glass (bbc.co.uk)
blue square 3. Stained glass windows (Esslingen am Neckar, Germany)
blue square 4. Examples of stained glass windows (California State University, USA)
blue square 5. Medieval stained glass windows in Great Britain: click yes to agree to terms (King's College London, UK)
black diamond 6. Stained glass: check out "gallery" section as well (wikipedia.org)
   
   
 
Back to Top Illuminated Manuscripts
blue squareblack diamond 1. Authors, scribes, and libraries (Dianne Tillotson)
green circle 2. Books and manuscripts (earlybritishkingdoms.com)
blue square 3. Illuminated manuscripts (awesomestories.com)
black diamond 4. Manuscripts: contains sample texts and videos (Getty Museum, USA)
green circle 5. Medieval manuscript manual (Central European University Hungary)
blue square 6. Art of the book in the Middle Ages (Metropolitan Museum, NY, USA)
black diamond 7. Music, literature and illuminated manuscripts (British Library, UK)
black diamond 8. Illuminating the Renaissance (British Library, UK)
black diamond 9. Images of manuscripts (Bodleian Library, University of Oxford, UK)
   
   
 
8. Middle Ages Tragedies
Back to Top The Vikings
blue square 1. Why do civilizations fail? (learner.org)
black diamond 2. The Vikings PowerPoint Presentation by David Ebong (worldhistory.pppst.com)
blue squareblack diamond 3. The fury of the Norsemen (vikinganswerlady.com)
green circle 4.
blue square 5.
   
   
 
Back to Top The Little Ice Age
blue square 1. Dating the Little Ice Age (wikipedia.org)
blue square 2. UK countryside history 1400 AD (ukagriculture.com)
blue squareblack diamond 3. The Great Famine of 1315-1317 (wikipedia.org)
blue square 4. Little Ice Age (State University New York)
blue square 5. Famine and plague: 3 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
   
   
 
Back to Top The Black Death
blue square 1. The bubonic plague (mrdowling.com)
green circleblue square 2. Diseases during the Middle Ages (medieval-life.net)
blue square 3. The Black Death (bbc.co.uk)
blue square 4. Black Death video clip: requires Real Player (bbc.co.uk)
blue squareblack diamond 5. The Black Death 1347-1350 (Insecta-Inspecta Inc.)
blue squareblack diamond 6. The Black Death, 1348 (eyewitnesstohistory.com)
blue squareblack diamond 7. The Black Death PowerPoint Presentation by Shannon Duffy (worldhistory.pppst.com)
blue squareblack diamond 8. Modern information on the plague (Centers for Disease Control - CDC, USA)
blue square 9. The Medieval era - Europe's bubonic plague: 7 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
blue square 10. The Medieval era - the spread of the Black Death: 3 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
   
   
 
Back to Top The Hundred Years War
green circle 1. The Hundred Years War - summary (Columbia Encyclopedia)
blue square 2. The Hundred Years War PowerPoint Presentation by Susan M Pojer (worldhistory.pppst.com)
black diamond 3. Hundred Years' War (answers.com)
black diamond 4. Late Medieval Troubles PowerPoint Presentation by Ms. Merilos (worldhistory.pppst.com)
blue square 5. Hundred Years' War: 2 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
   
   
 
9. Videos, Images, PowerPoints and Podcasts
Back to Top Videos
blue squareblack diamond 1. Dark ages video clips (history.com)
blue square 2. Life in medieval Europe: 24 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
blue square 3. The High Middle Ages: 24 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
blue square 4. World History - the Medieval Era: 48 minute video (howstuffworks.com)
blue squareblack diamond 2. Battle of Hastings video clip: requires Real player (bbc.co.uk)
blue squareblack diamond 3. Romance of the Rose video clip: requires QuickTime (New York University, USA)
  4. Beowulf movie trailers: 2005 version
  5. Mac Beth movie trailer:
  6. Hamlet movie trailer:
  7. William Wallace - Braveheart trailers: movie trailer
  8. Romeo and Juliet movie trailers: 1996 version and 1968 version
blue square 9. UK countryside history 700 AD or 1100 AD or 1300 AD or 1400 AD includes animation - full movie is slow to load (ukagriculture.com)
blue square 10. Manuscripts: contains sample texts and videos (Getty Museum, USA)
blue square 11. Black Death video clip: requires Real player (bbc.co.uk)
   
   
 
Back to Top Images
blue square 1. Monthly pictures from the Duc de Berry collection (WebMuseum, Paris, France)
green circleblue square 2. Medieval German towns and cities (Wake Forest University, North Carolina, USA)
blue square 3. Toledo Spain (cyberspain.com)
blue square 4. Medieval clip art (about.com)
blue square 5. Celtic art and cultures (Dorothy Verkerk at the-orb.net)
blue square 5. Medieval woodcuts clip art (www.godecookery.com)
blue square 6. Medieval food and feast clip art (www.godecookery.com)
blue square 7. Dark ages photos: from TV show of same name (tvguide.com)
black diamond 8. Digitized images (Oxford University Library, UK)
   
   
 
Back to Top PowerPoint Presentations
green circleblue square 1. Middle Ages timeline: PowerPoint (Arapahoe HS, Centennial, Colorado, USA)
blue square 2. Medieval times powerpoints (Mr. Donn and Phillip Martin)
green circleblue square 3. European Change: Century by Century: PowerPoint (Stewart Savard, SD#71 eLibrarian, Comox Valley, BC, Canada)
black diamond 4. Medieval Summary PowerPoint (Susan M. Pojer at worldhistory.pppst.com)
blue squareblack diamond 5. Build a Celtic Round House: PowerPoint (by Ms. Merilos worldhistory.pppst.com)
   
   
 
Back to Top Podcasts
 
1. Attila the Hun - the scourge of God (podcasts.medievalstudies.info) 7. Beowulf (sportell.com)
2. Charlemagne (sportell.com) 8. English longbowmen (Military History Podcast)
3. Medieval Spain: a multi-religious society (HereOnEarth) 9. The Battle of Agincourt (thehistorynetwork.org)
4. "Close calls for Christendom" (Military History Podcast) 10. Medieval crime and punishment (iHistory Podcast Project)
5. Anglo-Saxon England (podcasts.medievalstudies.info) 11. Knight templar (Military History Podcast)
6. Castles click on green button to load (iHistory Podcast Project) 12. The story of the Middle Ages: 18 historical 'stories' (librivox.org)
   
   
 
10. WebQuests and Tasks
Back to Top WebQuests
green circleblue square 1. The door in the wall (Isabel Brickman)
blue square 2. Visit the City (thinkquest.org)
green circleblue square 3. Castle builder (San Bernardino County Schools, California, USA)
blue square 4. The birth of the Middle Ages (Milton Town School District, Vermont, USA)
green circleblue square 5. Knights Quest (medieval-life.net)
blue square 6. Medieval travel agency (Michigan State University, USA)
blue square 7. Ghost in the castle interactive tour of castles (National Geographic)
blue square 8. Storytelling webquest (Michigan State University, USA)
   
   
 
Back to Top Tasks
blue square 1. "Historic tale construction cit" (adgame-wonderland.de)
blue square 2.
black diamond 3. Beowulf - Still a Hero (Sandra Effinger)
green circle 4.
blue square 5. Become a spice trader (learner.org)
blue square 6. Feudalism (westernreservepublicmedia.org)
black diamond 7.
   
   
   
   
 
11. Fun and Museums
Back to Top Fun and Interesting
green circleblue square 1. What's your Dark Ages character? (history.com)
blue square 2. Destroy the Castle (pbs.org, USA)
green circle 3. Joust (tudorbritain.org)
blue squareblack diamond 4. Build a Celtic Round House: PowerPoint (by Ms. Merilos worldhistory.pppst.com)
green circleblue square 4. Build a Merlin's castle (by Philk Heiple at rain.org)
blue square 5. Time detectives (Channel4, UK)
blue squareblack diamond 6. Norman words and objects (bbc.co.uk)
black diamond 7. The Heraldry game (yourchildlearns.com)
green circleblue square 8 Roman, Viking and Saxon games (lore-and-saga.co.uk)
   
blue square 8. Monty Python and the Holy Grail trailer and other samples (evtv1.com)
blue square 9. Monty Python LEGO (ifilm.com)
blue square 10. Medieval "Help Desk" (youtube.com)
blue squareblack diamond 11. Maid Marian and her merry men: scroll to bottom comedy video clips (bbc.com)
blue squareblack diamond 12. The Black Adder:scroll to bottom comedy video clips(bbc.com)
   
   
 
Back to Top Museums
green circle 1.
blue square 2.
blue square 3. The Time of the Knights (State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia)
blue square 4.
black diamond 5.
   
   
 
12. Miscellaneous Resources
Back to Top Doing Research
1. How to do research: the CMS approach: see left side of page (Avi Luxenburg, Comox Valley School District, BC, Canada)
2. The Research Process (Oregon School Library Information System, USA)
blue square

3. Guide to evaluating web sites (from PBS via westernreservepublicmedia.org)

4. Why should we study history? (schoolhistory.co, U.K.)
5. Primary vs. secondary sources (Bowling Green State University, Ohio, USA)
6. A student's guide to the study of history (historyguide.org)
7. How to do history (bbc.co.uk)
8. Archaeology - excavations and techniques (bbc.co.uk)
9. How old is that? - dating techniques (Minnesota State University, USA)
10. Learn about the impact of conquests (bbc.co.uk)
11. Family histories (bbc.co.uk)
   
   
12. Sentences (actden.com)
13. Writing paragraphs (actden.com)
14. Writing essays (actden.com)
15. Guide to writing a basic essay (Kathy Livingston)
16. Turning Microsoft Word into a talking word processor (Paul Hamilton, SETBC)
   
   
 
Back to Top Translate  Traduisez   Traduzca  翻译  ترجم
1. Babel Fish translation (altavista.com)
blue square 2. Google Translate (google.com)
   
   
 
Back to Top Miscellaneous
1. People index (btinternet.com)
2. English locations in Google Earth (btinternet.com)
   
3. How to do History (bbc.co.uk)
4. Archaeology - excavations and techniques (bbc.co.uk)
5. Learn about the impact of conquests (bbc.co.uk)
6. Family histories (bbc.co.uk)
   
7. Glossary (btinternet.com)
8. Glossary of art and architecture terms
9. Castle terminology
10. Anglo-Saxon speech (bbc.co.uk)
11. Glossary - Knighthood, Chivalry & Tournament (chronique.com)
   
   
 
Back to Top Folktales and Stories
1. The Story of France: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
2. The Story of Germany: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
3. The Story of Greece: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
4. The Story of the Netherlands: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
5. The Story of Russia: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
6. The Story of Scotland: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
7 The Story of Spain: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
8. Viking tales: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
   
9. The Pied Piper of Hamelin (Andrew Lang, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA)
10. Sleeping hero legends - includes Barbarossa and King Arthur (Andrew Lang, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA)
blue square 11. Gifts from the Fairies (Andrew Lang, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA)
12. Master builder legends (Andrew Lang, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA)
13. Literature of the French Middle Ages (University of Tennessee, USA)
black diamond 14. Northern waters (Tormod Kinnes at oaks.nvg.org)
black diamond 15. Welsh myth and legends (The BBC, U.K.)
black diamond 16. The Mabinogion - oral tales from the Welsh bards (University of Adelaide e-library, Australia)
   
   
Back to Top Middle Ages Literature
blue squareblack diamond 1. French Literature - Chanson de Roland (historyworld.net)
blue squareblack diamond 2. Timeless myths - Song of Roland (timelessmyths.com)
black diamond 3. The Song of Roland (omacl.org)
   
blue squareblack diamond 4. Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales (Rachel Bellerby at suite101.com)
blue square 5. Geoffrey Chaucer (historylearningsite.co.uk)
black diamond 6. Geoffrey Chaucer (answers.com)
   
blue square 7. Dante - his life (greatdante.net)
blue squareblack diamond 8. Dante - bioigraphy (Columbia University, New York, USA)
black diamond 9. Dante Alighiere (answers.com)
   
black diamondblack diamond 10. In parentheses (York University, Ontario, Canada)
   
   
Content created by Stewart Savard April 2004 - Rebuilt January 2010. All rights to "look and feel" reserved
CSS Styles by Josh Porter SD#71 (Comox Valley) July 2008.