________ Unit 1: Ecosystems ________
________ Unit 2: Chemistry ________
________ Unit 3: Earth's Crust ________
Properties of Matter
Classifying Matter
Exploring Solutions
Chapter 9 "Earth's Changing Surface"
based on BC Science 7 Chapter 9 - pages 256-285 by McGraw-Hill Ryerson
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Readability levels = easiest, = at approximate grade level, = advanced, = most difficult.
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Ethics of information use
Table of Contents
  1. Class and Lab Safety 5. Section 9.3 - Volcanoes
  2. The Scientific Process -----Types---Around the Earth---Volcanoes and BC---Historic Blasts-
----- Geomythology----Geothermal---The Age of Rocks
  3. Section 9.1 - Changing Landforms 6. Chapter Review
  ----Landforms--Erosion--Deposition--Water in Motion--Ice in Motion--Glaciers in BC 7. Videos and Images
  4. Section 9.2 - Earthquakes 8. Webquests and Fun Activities
  ----Kinds of Faults---Seismic Waves---Measuring---Earthquakes in BC---Living with... 9 and 10. Additional PDFs and Misc. Resources
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1. Class and Lab Safety (top)
1. Safety symbols : pdf (McGraw-Hill Ryerson)
2. Guideline for a safe lab (ScienceAware Communications, Inc.)
3. Safety contract: pdf (McGraw-Hill Ryerson)
4. Mr. Thackwray's lab safety rules (SD#38 Richmond, BC)
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2. The Scientific Process (top)
1. Forming questions in science: pdf (McGraw-Hill Ryerson)
4. Gathering and evaluating information: pdf (McGraw-Hill Ryerson)
2. Developing a hypothesis: pdf (McGraw-Hill Ryerson)
5. Observations and field studies: pdf (McGraw-Hill Ryerson)
3. Using models: pdf (McGraw-Hill Ryerson)
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3. Section 9.1 pages 258-264
Changing Landforms
Changing Landforms (top) Textbook page 258 (Kurzweil Files. Requires Special Software.)
1. Illustrated glossary of landforms (enchantedlearning.com)
2. Kinds of landforms (Government of Prince Edward Island)
3. Glacier meltwater landforms: pdf (Natural Resources Canada)
4. Landforms defined (wikipedia.org)
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. Erosion (top) Textbook page 259 (Kurzweil Files)
1. Erosion defined (Princeton University, USA)
2. Erosion animation (Houghton Mifflin)
3. Erosion and deposition (University of British Columbia)
4. Weathering and erosion (St. Mary's University, Nova Scotia)
5. Erosion in Strathcona Park (Government of BC)
6. Weathering down the mountains (Government of BC)
7. Garibaldi - the eroded volcano (Natural Resources Canada)
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Deposition (top) Textbook page 259 (Kurzweil Files)
1. Deposition animation: McGraw-Hill recommendation (Houghton Mifflin)
2. Transportation animation (Houghton Mifflin)
3. Sediments on the move (Natural Resources Canada)
4. Sand and gravel deposits on Vancouver Island (Natural Resources Canada)

5. Why do beaches change? (Natural Resources Canada)

6. Deposition and glaciation (University of British Columbia)
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. Water in Motion and Floods (top) Textbook page 260 (Kurzweil Files)

1. The hydrologic cycle (Environment Canada)

2. Floods (FEMA, USA)
3. The hows and whys of floods (pbs.org)
4. Image of the floodplain (Environment Canada)
5. Causes of flooding (Environment Canada)
6. Extreme rainfall chart (Environment Canada)
7. BC's rivers (kidfish.bc.ca)
8. Saguenay Quebec floods of 1996 (CBC archives)
9. Flooding in Manitoba (CBC archives)
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. Glaciers: Ice in Motion (top) Textbook page 261 and 263 (Kurzweil Files)
1, Glaciers explained #1 (Denver Museum of Nature & Science, USA)
2. Glaciers explained #2: McGraw-Hill recommendation requires Shockwave (Houghton Mifflin)
3. A tour of the life of a glacier (University of Colorado, USA)
4. All about glaciers (SwissEduc)
5. Glacial erosion (Houghton Mifflin)
6. Glacier live-cam: QuickTime movie (SwissEduc)
7. On the trail of the glaciers (Natural Resources Canada)
8. Glacial moraines: pdf (Natural Resources Canada)
9. Glacier erosion in Nunavut - photo gallery (Natural Resources Canada)
10. Glacier melting on Kilimanjaro in Africa (whyfiles.org)
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. Glaciers in BC and Canada (top) Textbook page 262 (Kurzweil Files)
1. Legacy of the ice on Vancouver Island (Natural Resources Canada)
2. Comox Glacier (Government of BC)
3. Map of the Cordilleran Ice Sheet (Natural Resources Canada)
4. Glaciers and climate change: QuickTime movie (University of Victoria, BC)
5. Stikine Icefield (Tongass National Forest, USA)
6. Map of glaciers and icefields in Canada: slow to load - let it finish (Natural Resources Canada)
7. The Foothills Erratic Train (netcomuk.co.uk)
8. Cordilleran ice sheet (wikipedia.org)
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4. Section 9.2 pages 265-273
Earthquakes
. Background and Kinds of Faults (top) Textbook page 265 (Kurzweil Files)
1. What is an earthquake? (vtaide.com)
2. Kinds of earthquakes #1 (dsuper.net)
3. Kinds of earthquakes #2 (University of California at San Diego, USA)

4. Earthquakes #1: Flash - slow to load (Smithsonian Institution)

5. Earthquakes #2: click on tabs and numbers for more information (National Geographic Society, USA)
6. Understanding quakes (whyfiles.org)
7. Earthquakes worldwide 1960-1995: Windows Media Player (NASA, USA)

8. The making of the Himalayas: Flash - slow to load (Smithsonian Institution)

9. The "Savage Earth" (pbs.org)
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. Tracking Earthquakes: Seismic Waves and Location (top) Textbook page 266-267 (Kurzweil Files)
1. Seismic waves explained (Smithsonian Institution, USA)
2. Seismic wave animation (pbs.org)
3. How do I locate an earthquake? (Michigan Technological University, USA)
4. Live seismic information (USGS, USA)
5. Seismic sounds: as MP3s (USGS, USA)
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Measuring Earthquakes (top) Textbook page 268-270 (Kurzweil Files)
1. The Richter scale (Smithsonian Institution, USA)
2. The modified Mercalli scale (University of Nevada, USA)
3. Seismology (volcanolive.com)
4. How are earthquakes studied? (Michigan Technological University, USA)
5. How do I read a seismogram? (Michigan Technological University, USA)
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Earthquakes and British Columbia (top)
1. Earthquake country (Natural Resources Canada)
2. Earthquakes Western Canada (Natural Resources Canada)
3. The 1946 Earthquake on Vancouver Island #1 (Natural Resources Canada)
4. The 1946 Earthquake on Vancouver Island #2 (Natural Resources Canada)
5. Juan de Fuca Plate: pdf (Government of BC)
6. Comparing earthquakes (Natural Resources Canada)
7. Tsunami (Natural Resources Canada)
8. A Great Earthquake and Southwestern BC (Natural Resources Canada)
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. Living with Earthquakes (top) Textbook page 271-273 (Kurzweil Files)
1. What to do in an earthquake (City of Vancouver, BC)
2. Earthquake preparedness (FEMA for Kids, USA)
3. Where earthquakes happen (Natural Resources Canada)
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4. Kobe Japan (University of Nevada, USA)
5. Asian Tsunami December 2004: animation of wave in Indian Ocean (Government of India)
6. Asian Tsunami December 2004: animation of wave around the Earth (NOAA, USA)
7. Asian Tsunami December 2004: before and after satellite photos (Apple Computer)
8. videos from Indonesia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, India, Maldives, and Kenya some files are very slow to load (www.asiantsunamivideos.com)
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5. Section 9.3 pages 274-281 (top)
Volcanoes
. Types of Volcanoes (top) Textbook page 274-276 (Kurzweil Files)
1. Volcanoes (University of Michigan)
2. About volcanoes (yahooligans at yahoo.com)
3. Volcano types #1 (San Diego State University, USA)
4. Volcano types #2 (volconolive.com)
5. Volcanic eruptions (Houghton Mifflin)
6. Volcanoes #1 : click on volcano tabs for more information (Smithsonian Institution, USA)
7. Volcano's #2 : click on tabs and numbers for more information (National Geographic Society, USA)
8. Types and processes gallery (Smithsonian Institution, USA)
9. Stratovolcano - animation (pbs.org)
10. Structure of a volcano (Australia Museum Online)
11. Super volcanoes (volcanolive.com)
12. Alphabetical list of photos of volcanoes: click on VOLCANOES (www.cbc.ca)
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. Volcanoes from around the Earth (top) Textbook page 276 (Kurzweil Files)
1. Volcanoes around the world (SwissEduc)
2. Etna - Italy also video clips (SwissEduc)
3. Stromboli also video clips (SwissEduc)
4. Ol Doinyo Lengai - Africa (SwissEduc)
5. Mount St. Helens #1 (Smithsonian Institution, USA)
6. Mount St. Helens mudflows: QuickTime movie (Smithsonian Institution, USA)
7. Mount St. Helens #2 (San Diego State University, USA)
8. Paricutin - Mexico (whyfiles.org)
9. Weekly volcanic activity: requires Windows XP and Google Earth (University of North Dakota)
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. Volcanoes and British Columbia (top) Textbook page 277-278 (Kurzweil Files)

1. Vancouver Island #1 (Government of BC)

2. Vancouver Island #2 (Government of BC)

3. Garibaldi volcanic belt (Natural Resources Canada)

4. Volcanoes in BC (BC Provincial Preparedness Program)

5. Vancouver - Living in the shadow of volcanoes (Natural Resources Canada)

6. Volcanoes of Canada (Smithsonian Institution, USA)

7. Predicting eruptions (learner.org)
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. Studying Historic Blasts (top) Textbook page 278-279 (Kurzweil Files)
1. Ancient Greece - Thera/Santorini #1 (Minnesota State University, USA)
2. Ancient Greece - Thera/Santorini #2 (University of North Dakota, USA)
3. Ancient Rome - Vesuvius/Pompeii #1 (Harcourt School Publishers)
4. Ancient Rome - Vesuvius/Pompeii #2 (University of Michigan)
5. Indonesia - Krakatoa (University of Michigan)
6. Martinique - Mt. Pele (University of Michigan)
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7. Nisga’a Memorial Lava Bed Park (Government of BC)
8. Tseax cone - in Canada (Natural Resources Canada)
9. The BIG ONE The 9.0 Cascadia earthquake January 1700 (BC provincial Emergency Program)
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First Nations Stories and Legends: Geomythology (top)
1. Volcano women (duanepasco.com)
2. Volcano women - Nancy Bennett and scroll to bottom to see Volcano woman carving
3, Frog (nativeonline.com)
4. Frog Girl - Paul Owen Lewis in CMS library collection (Alaska Native Knowledge Network)
5. Legends from around the world (University of North Dakota)
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6. Thunderbird and whale #1 (University of Washington, USA)
7. Thunderbird and Whale #2 and Earthquake mask
8. When Thunderbird battled Whale (Seattle P.I., USA)
9. How volcanoes got their name - Roman legend (University of Memphis, USA)
10. Earthquake myths (University of Memphis, USA)
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. Geothermal Energy (top) Textbook page 280 (Kurzweil Files)
1. Defined and Glossary of terms
2. Geothermal energy slide show (Marin County, California, USA)
3. Map of geothermal resources in BC (Province of BC)
4. Geyser cinema (gigagraphica.com)
5. Geyser photos and videos (SwissEduc)

6. Hot mud pools in New Zealand (SwissEduc)

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The Age of Rocks (top) Textbook page 280-281 (Kurzweil Files)
1. How old is that rock? (Center for Educational Technologies, USA)
2. How to determine the age of rocks (Natural Resources Canada)
3. Geological timescale (Natural Resources Canada)
4. Map of the age of rocks in Canada: slow to load - wait for it (Natural Resources Canada)
5. Acasta gneisses - Canada's oldest rocks (platetechtronics.com)
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6. Section Summaries and Chapter Review (top)
Section 9.1: pdf (McGraw-Hill Ryerson) Textbook page 264 (Kurzweil Files)
Section 9.1: online (McGraw-Hill Ryerson) .
Section 9.2: pdf (McGraw-Hill Ryerson) Textbook page 273 (Kurzweil Files)
Section 9.2: online (McGraw-Hill Ryerson) .
Section 9.3: pdf (McGraw-Hill Ryerson) Textbook page 282 (Kurzweil Files)
Section 9.3: online (McGraw-Hill Ryerson) .
Chapter test: pdf (McGraw-Hill Ryerson) Textbook pages 283-285 (Kurzweil Files)
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7. Supporting Videos and Images (top)
1. Central Vancouver Island: jpg (Natural Resources Canada)

2. "Earth Revealed" video collection: video collection requires login and password (learner.org)

3. Our restless planet: animations recommended by McGraw-Hill (NASA, USA)
4. Strathcona Provincial Park: jpgs (Government of BC)
5. Comox Glacier photos: jpgs (University of Victoria, BC)
6. Glacier gallery (University of Colorado, USA)
7. Fastest glacier video (pbs.org)
8. Earthquake videos (Houghton Mifflin)
9. Volcano cams (volcanolive.com)
10. Into a volcano: Windows Media Player (pioneertv.com)
11. Volcanoes of the Deep Sea": flash file (www.cbc.ca)
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8. Webquests and Fun Activities (top)
1. Volcanoes online (thinkquest.org)
2. Volcano webquest (Arizona State University)
3. Predicting earthquakes (Arizona State University)
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4. Landforms (quia.com)
5. Plate techtonics (quia.com)
6. Earthquake word searches (USGS, USA)

7. Volcanic eruption simulation (SwissEduc)

8. Make your own glacier (pbs.org)
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9. Additional PDFs (top)
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1. Group roles: pdf (McGraw-Hill Ryerson)
3. Lab report template: pdf (McGraw-Hill Ryerson)
2. Variables in Science: pdf (McGraw-Hill Ryerson)
4. Poster checklist: pdf (McGraw-Hill Ryerson)
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10. Misc. Resources (top)
1. Science Fair ideas (USGS, USA)
2. Native legends (nativeonline.com)
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3. Photo glossary of glacial terms (University of Wisconsin, USA)
4. Photo glossary of volcanic terms #1 (SwissEduc)
5. Photo glossary of volcanic terms #2 (USGS, USA)
6. Earthquake image glossary (USGS, USA)
7. Volcano World Index (University of North Dakota)
8. Forbidden Plateau and Strathcona Park place names (members.shaw.ca)
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9. Volcanism on other planets and moons (San Diego State University, USA)
10. Volcanoes on Io (NASA, USA)
11. Ice volcanoes on Lake Superior (Michigan Technological University, USA)
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Created by Stew Savard, with advice from David Coats, John Gair, Karen West, Heather Campbell, January 2006. Modified October 2006. All rights to look and feel reserved.
Check for library resources
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Readability levels = easiest, = at approximate grade level, = advanced, = most difficult.