African Empires

School District #71 - eLibrary
The Mongol Empire

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Readability levels = easiest, = at approximate grade level, = advanced, = most difficult.

Ethics of information use
 
Table of Contents
. 1. Background, Basic History, and Legacy . 6. Religion
. -----Overview---Timeline---Legacy . -----Shamanism---Other Religions
. 2. Daily Life . 7. Geography and the Environment of Mongolia
. -----Daily Life---Role of Women---Clothing---Shelter---Mongol Culture . -----Geography---Environment
. 3. Leaders and the Law . 8. Videos and Images
. -----Genghis Khan---The Golden Horde---The Law . -----Videos and Podcasts---Images
. 4. Trade and Traders . 9. WebQuests and Interesting Links
. - - --Trade---The Silk Road----Traders (Marco Polo, Rabban Suma) . -----WebQuests---Interesting Links---Assignments
. 5. Military . 10. Misc.
. -----The Mongol Army---The Great Wall of China . -- ---Misc.
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Readability
1. Overview of the Mongol Empire
. Overview (top)
1. Introduction (Honorary Consulate of Mongolia in Finland)
2. The Mongol Empire #1 (Concord Learning Systems)
3. The Mongol Empire #2 (allempires.com)
4. History of the Mongol Empire (mongolempire.4t.com)
5. The Mongol Empire #3 (wikipedia.org)
6. Map animation of the Empire's growth or .avi file from school server: very slow to load (University of Sydney, Australia)
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. Timeline (top)
1. Timeline #1 (lukemastin.com)
2. Timeline #2 (Provincial Museum of Alberta)
3. Timeline #3 (bartleby.com)
4. Virtual timeline of the Mongol Empire (National Geographic, USA)
5. Visual timeline of the Mongol invasion of Japan (Emory University, USA)
6. Collapse of the Empire (Columbia University, New York, USA)
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. The Mongol Legacy (top)
1. What is a legacy? (simple.wikipedia.org)
2. Present-day view of Mongol legacies (turnerlearning.com)
3. Chinggis Khan's four great legacies (Columbia University, New York, USA)
4. Mongol Empire legacy (wikipedia.org)
5. Genghis Khan's legacy (Metropolitan Museum, New York)
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2. Daily Life
. Daily Life (top)
1. Daily life (Mr. Donn.org)
2. Nomadic life (Columbia University, New York, USA)
3. Daily life in the Mongol Empire (wikipedia.org)
4. Nomad (wikipedia.org)
5. Pastoralism (Palomar Community College, USA)
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. Role of Women (top)
1. The women who ruled the Mongol Empire (theglobalist.com)
2. Women in Mongol society (coldsiberia.org)
3. Role of women in Mongol society
4. Women of the Mongol court (Woodrow Wilson Foundation, USA)
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. Clothing and Textiles (top)
1. Mongol clothing (Columbia University, New York, USA)
2. Mongolian dress (members.aol.com)
3. Mongolian traditional clothing (discovermongolia.mn)
4. Traditional clothing and jewellery (National Museum of Mongolia)
5. Costumes (Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum)
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6. Textile art of Ancient Inner Asia (tcoletribalrugs.com)
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. Shelter (top)
1. Shelter (Columbia University, New York, USA)
2. A house to go: images and furnishing of a modern yurt (mongolyurt.com)
3. Yurt/Ger: nomadic shelter (chaingang.org)
4. Yurt construction: video - very slow to load (ulaantaij.com)
5. Mongolian yurts (wikipedia.org)
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. Mongol Culture (top)
1. Mongolian language and culture (American Museum of Natural History, USA)
2. Mongolian culture: festivals and sports (Stanford University, USA)
3. Mongolian sports (gluckman.com)
4. The horse in Mongol culture (American Museum of Natural History, USA)
5. Naadam festival (wikipedia.org)
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3. Leaders and the Law
. Genghis Khan (top)
1. Why Genghis Khan matters (National Geographic Society, USA)
2. Who was Genghis Khan (homework-help.aol.com)
3. Genghis Khan (Provincial Museum of Alberta)
4. Chinggis Khan (Columbia University, New York, USA)
5. Genghis Khan and the Empire (University of Pennsylvania, USA)
6. Genghis Khan - the truth behind the legend: video clip and discussion (bbc.co.uk)
7. Genghis Khan/Chingis Khan (University of California: Berkeley, USA)
8. Genghis Khan timeline of his life (National Geographic Society, USA)
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9. The Story of Genghis Khan: historical fiction (The Baldwin Project)
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. The Golden Horde (top)
1. The different Mongol Khans (Los Angeles Valley College, California, USA)
2. Ogodei (Columbia University, New York, USA)
3. The Golden Horde (Encyclopedia Britannica Online)
4. Khubilai Khan (Columbia University, New York, New York, USA)
5. Genghis Khan and Kublai Khan (mrdowling.com)
6. Kublai Khan rules China (thenagain.info)
7. Kubilai Khan (wikipedia.org)
-----Kubla Khan - a poem by Samuel Taylor Coleridge (University of Virginia, USA)
8. East meets West: scroll down to “East Meets West II - the Mongols ” (University of Wisconsin, USA)
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9. Organization of the Mongol Empire #1 (wikipedia.org)
10. Organization of the Mongol Empire #2 (wikipedia.org)
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. The Law (top)
1. The Yassa
2. Yassa (wikipedia.org)
3. Law and governance (historymania.com)
4. Yassa: the law of the people
5. Law: The Yassa
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4. Trade and Traders
. Trade (top)
1. Mongols and trade (Columbia University, New York)
2. Two economies (The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia)
3. Cross-cultural currents under the Mongols (rightreading.com)
4. Communications
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The Silk Road (top)
1. The Silk Road (mrdowling.com)
2. Silk Road encounters (askasia.org)
3. The Silk Road - connecting cultures (Smithsonian National Museum, USA)
4. People of old along the Silk Road (Marymount School District, NY, USA)

5. Silk Road (wikipedia.org)

6. Silk Road timeline (silkroad.com)
7. Camels and caravans (University of Calgary)
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. Traders and Travelers (top)
1. Marco Polo's route to China and back: virtual tour (National Endowment for the Humanities, USA)
2. Marco Polo: the journey: virtual tour (Metropolitan Museum, New York)
3. Marco Polo and the Mongol Empire (mrdowling.com)
4. Travels of Marco Polo volume 1 and volume 2 (Project Gutenberg)
5. Rabban Sauma (heritagemadison.org)
6. Biography of Rabban Sauma (allbiographies.com)
7. Ibn Battuta - the great traveller
8. Travels of Ibn Battuta (San Francisco Unified School District, CA, USA)
9. Another 13th Century traveler
10. Travelers and their stories (Alamo Community College, Texas, USA)
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5. Military
. The Mongol Army (top)
1. The Mongol Horde: slow to load, but worth it. Might need to allow pop-ups (Joska Paszli, Netherlands)
2. East meets West: PowerPoint (University of Wisconsin, USA)
3. The Mongol army (Heather Davenport)
4. The Mongol army and its horses (American Forum for Global Education, USA)
5. The Mongol war machine (American Forum for Global Education, USA)
6. Mongol Arms (Alamo Community College, Texas, USA)
7. Chinggis Khan and his Military Genius (Journal of the Signapore Armed Forces)
8. Mongol Empire: interactive map using Google Earth - outstanding but needs a good graphic card and patience (Google Earth Community)
9. Mongol military tactics and organization (wikipedia.org)
10. Battle of Baghdad (wikipedia.org)
11. Battle of Beijing (wikipedia.org)
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12. The silent city (University of California, Berkeley)
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. The Great Wall of China (top)
1. Great Wall of China (mrdowling.com)
2. Great Wall of China: interactive tour (National Endowment for the Humanities, USA)
3, Great Wall of China virtual tour (chinavista.com)
4. Great Wall of China: panoramic photos (Powerhouse Museum, Australial)
5. Great Wall of China: modern photos (Muztagh Travel)
6. Great Wall of China: requires Google Earth (Google Earth)
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6. Religion
1. Religion in the Mongol Empire (Columbia University, New York)
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Shamanism (top)
1. Shamanism
2. Shamanism (panoramicjourney.com)
3. Shamanism (psychcentral.com)
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. Other Religions (top)
1. Buddhism at a glance (bbc.co.uk)
2. Buddhism (University of Washington)
3. Introduction to Buddhism (religioustolerance.org)
4. Islam at a glance (bbc.co.uk)
5. The Mongols and Islam (Columbia University, New York)
6. Confucianism #1 (mrdowling.com)
7. Confucianism #2 (travelchinaguide.com)
8. Nestorian Christianity (Marymount School, New York)
9. Assyrian Church (nestorian.org)
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7. Geography and the Environment of Mongolia
. Geography (top)
1. Mongolia (CIA Factbook, Government, USA)
2. Modern reference map of Asia (University of Texas)
3. Outline map of Mongolia (University of Texas)
4. The Mongols - the maps: scroll down - in French (monsieurparadox.com)
5. More maps (Los Angeles Community Museum of Art)
6. Map animation of the Empire's growth or .avi file from school server: very slow to load big file (University of Sydney, Australia)
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. Environment and Climate (top)
1. Mongolian biomes (discovermongolia.mn)
2. Land of Steppe and Sky (National Geographic Society, USA)
3. Wildlife of the Gobi Desert (oneearthadventures.com)
4. Geographical features of Mongolia (Honorary Consulate of Mongolia in Finland)
5. Climate of Mongolia (Honorary Consulate of Mongolia in Finland)
6. Climate (discovermongolia.mn)
7. Weather in Mongolia (bbc.co.uk)
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8. Videos, Podcasts and Images
. Video (top)
1. Empire of the Mongols - part 1, part 2 and part 3 short video clips (The History Channel, UK)
2. The Mongol Empire: requires account sign up and login 28 minutes long (learner.org)
3. Genghis Khan - the truth behind the legend: video clip and discussion (bbc.co.uk)
4. The Mongol Horde: slow to load, but worth it - wow. Might need to allow pop-ups (Joska Paszli, Netherlands)
5. The Thirteenth Century: CNN's Multimedia Millenium Series (cnn.com)
6. Marco Polo's route to China and back: virtual tour (National Endowment for the Humanities, USA)
7. Marco Polo's: slow to load trailer for movie (NY Times)
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8. Mujann - short video clips: modern clips of traditional activities (ragcha.com)
9. Yurt construction: video - slow to load (ulaantaij.com)
10. Museum tour from Mongolia: video - very slow to load (Museums, Mongolia)
11. Mongol Empire: interactive map Google Earth - outstanding but needs good graphic card and patience (Google Earth Community)
12. Mongol Invasion lecture (University of Wisconsin)
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Podcasts (top)
1. Genghis Khan (bbc.co.uk)
2. Genghis Khan and Europe's first global age click on web address - bottom half of page (Radio Netherlands)
3. Mongolian fighting tactics (Military History Podcast, USA)
4. Mongol invasion of Japan (historypodcast.blogspot.com)
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. Images (top)
1. Interactive time line (National Geographic)
2. Photo gallery (National Geographic)
3. Images from Mongolia (National Museum of Mongolian History)
4. Mongol Empire (wikipedia.org)
5. Mongolian travel pictures (ub-mongolia.mn)
6. Pictures of modern Mongolia (Honorary Consulate of Mongolia in Finland)
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9. WebQuests and Interesting Links
WebQuests (top)
1. Mongolia for beginners webquest (University of Vermont, USA)
2. The Mongols webquest (Gananda School District, New York, USA)
3. How shall we rule China? (USC-UCLA Asian Studies Center)
4. Voyage of exploration - discovering new horizons (thinkquest.org)
5. Mongolia for Beginners (University of Virginia)
6. Mongol Eurasia and its aftermath (S. Keatley)
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Fun and Interesting links (top)
1. Travel with Marco Polo (University of Texas, USA)
2. Silk Road map challenges (University of Washington)
3. Virtual views of the Treasure of the Golden Horde (Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg Russia)
4. Learn Mongolian (linguamongolia.co.uk)
5. What is the current time in Mongolia? (worldtimeserver.com)
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. Assignments (top)
1. Leadership traits (National Geographic Society)
2. Were the Mongols a product of their environment? (American Forum for Global Education, USA)
3. People of the wind and sand (oneearthadventures.com)
4. Account for the rise and effect of the Mongols: PowerPoint (GrossmontUnion High School District, Calif, USA)
5 . Silk Road arts and crafts assignments (Marymount School District, NY, USA)
6. Courtly Art and Culture (Los Angelas County Museum of Art, USA)
7. Mongol Empire complete teaching unit (San Diego State University)
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10. Miscellaneous
. Misc. (top)
1. Glossary of terms (San Antonio College)
2. The Mongol language and script (members.aol.com)
3. The Buryats: a Mongolian people (buryatmongol.com)
4. Maps of Western Empires 1000 - today (buryatmongol.com)
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5. Mongolia: examples of art and some photos (mongolempire.4t.com)
6. Examples of Mongolian crafts and art (asianart.com)
7. Ancient coins: scroll down to Mongol siege coins (joelscoins.com)
8. Has Genghis Khan's tomb been found? (Chinese Government New Agency)
9. "True tomb" of Genghis Khan discovered (Chinese Government New Agency)
10. Remains of Genghis Khan palace unearthed (MSNBC)
11. Genghis Khan' tomb - the controversy (isidore-of-seville.com)
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12. Online readings on the Mongol Empire (Columbia University, New York)
13. Mongols: Past to Present reading list (World History Association)
14. Mongolian Culture (mongolianculture.com)
15. "The Great Mongolia Exhibition"
16. Check National Geographic index for magazine articles on the Mongolian Empire
17. National Geographic short photo essay on Mongolia (National Geographic)
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Created by Stew Savard Spring 2004 - revised February 2007. All rights to "look and feel" reserved.
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Readability levels = easiest, = at approximate grade level, = advanced, = most difficult.