(Concrete experiencer/Reflective observer)
take experiences and think deeply about them, thus diverging
from a single experience to multiple possibilities in terms
of what this might mean. They like to ask 'why', and will
start from detail to constructively work up to the big picture.
They enjoy participating and working with others but they
like a calm ship and fret over conflicts. They are generally
influenced by other people and like to receive constructive
like to learn via logical instruction or hands-one exploration
with conversations that lead to discovery.
Convergers (Abstract conceptualization/Active experimenter)
think about things and then try out their ideas to see if
they work in practice. They like to ask 'how' about a situation,
understanding how things work in practice. They like facts
and will seek to make things efficient by making small and
careful changes. They prefer to work by themselves, thinking
carefully and acting independently. They learn through interaction
and computer-based learning is more effective with them than
(Concrete experiencer/Active experimenter)
have the most hands-on approach, with a strong preference
for doing rather than thinking. They like to ask 'what if?'
and 'why not?' to support their action-first approach. They
do not like routine and will take creative risks to see what
happens. They like to explore complexity by direct interaction
and learn better by themselves than with other people. As
might be expected, they like hands-on and practical learning
rather than lectures.
(Abstract conceptualizer/Reflective observer)
have the most cognitive approach, preferring to think than
to act. The ask 'What is there I can know?' and like organized
and structured understanding. They prefer lectures for learning,
with demonstrations where possible, and will respect the knowledge
of experts. They will also learn through conversation that
takes a logical and thoughtful approach. They often have a
strong control need and prefer the clean and simple predictability
of internal models to external messiness. The best way to
teach an assimilator is with lectures that start from high-level
concepts and work down to the detail. Give them reading material,
especially academic stuff and they'll gobble it down. Do not
teach through play with them as they like to stay serious.
and edited (for spacing) July 2006 from http://changingminds.org/explanations/learning/kolb_learning.htm