Courtenay Middle School
Ralph W. Tyler: "The Tyler Rationale"

Tyler divided his book, Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction, into five sections. Each of the first four sections is titled with a question.

1. What educational purposes should the school seek to attain?
2. How can learning experiences be selected which are likely to be useful in attaining these objectives?
3. How can learning experiences be organized for effective instruction?
4. How can the effectiveness of learning experiences be evaluated?

In the first section of his book, Tyler explains that one of the main problems with education is that educational programs "do not have clearly defined purposes." These "purposes" as he describes them should be translated into educational objectives. This objective-based approach to evaluation is at the core of what Tyler proposes.

His approach to evaluation followed these steps:

1. Establish broad goals or objectives.
2. Classify the goals or objectives.
3. Define objectives in behavior terms.
4. Find situations in which achievement if objectives can be shown.
5. Develop or select measurement techniques.
6. Collect performance data.
7. Compare performance data with behaviorally stated objectives.

Discrepancies in performance would then lead to modification and the cycle would begin again.

Ralph Tyler describes education as "an active process". "It involves the active efforts of the learner himself."

Edited from Ralph W. Tyler (1949) Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction

Curriculum Development and Design (University of Chicago) Curriculum as product (Encyclopedia of Informal Education)
Ralph W. Tyler ( Curriculum Planning: going beyond Tyler (University of Wisconsin, USA)
An Interview with Ralph Tyler: scroll down page after loading (Western Michigan University) Summary article (OISE/University of Toronto)
Biography of Ralph Tyler ( Overview of Tyler and his views: pdf in Spanish and English (Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Mexico)
AskEric "Ralph Tyler"
Google Scholar "Ralph Tyler"

Page created by Stew Savard March 2004. Updated July 2006. Feel free to contact me if you have suggestions, questions, or concerns.