divided his book, Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction,
into five sections. Each of the first four sections is titled
with a question.
1. What educational purposes should the school seek to attain?
2. How can learning experiences be selected which are likely
to be useful in attaining these objectives?
3. How can learning experiences be organized for effective
4. How can the effectiveness of learning experiences be evaluated?
the first section of his book, Tyler explains that one of
the main problems with education is that educational programs
"do not have clearly defined purposes." These "purposes"
as he describes them should be translated into educational
objectives. This objective-based approach to evaluation is
at the core of what Tyler proposes.
approach to evaluation followed these steps:
1. Establish broad goals or objectives.
2. Classify the goals or objectives.
3. Define objectives in behavior terms.
4. Find situations in which achievement if objectives can
5. Develop or select measurement techniques.
6. Collect performance data.
7. Compare performance data with behaviorally stated objectives.
in performance would then lead to modification and the cycle
would begin again.
Tyler describes education as "an active process".
"It involves the active efforts of the learner himself."
from Ralph W. Tyler (1949) Basic Principles of Curriculum